The More Things Change

 scholasticism vs humanism

Here’s a drawing in response to Alberto Manguel’s A History of Reading, specifically the chapter “Learning to Read.”  Manguel recounts the history of learning to read in school, how scholasticism developed in the European middle ages, and how it was in some cases replaced by humanism–that is, the movement from the scholarly enforced public interpretations of texts to the growth of an individual student’s freedom to move beyond critically accepted “readings of readings” to the development of personal engagement and response.   Of course, scholasticism has certainly survived in today’s English classrooms–in spades.